Real Essence of Computer science and engineering
Computer science and engineering are often misunderstood by having a completely distinct scope & nature. However, these are the fields having more in common and less apparent difference in between. The courses & contents of both the disciplines are overlapping and equally interesting. There may be few differences in the two fields but the overall essence is the same. The difference of fields is only experienced during the time of Job.
Computer science and engineering are two different fields with many things in common. Basic study of processing, storing, communication, manipulation of data & instructions by computing devices is what we do in Computer Science. It is a follower of applied mathematics and it usually uses algorithms for data processing. On the other hand, computer engineering is basically a universal computation that is done from processor to built-in computing devices to laptop & desktop and from there to super computer. The major difference between computer science and engineering is the software/hardware aspect. Engineering is always the application of physical phenomena’s, theories & findings and hence computer engineering is more towards hardware organization & design where as computer science is more inclined towards software architecture & design. Apart from this, there are many other differences between computer science and engineering but their impact is negligible.
As discussed, the basic difference between computer science and engineering is that of software & hardware aspect. Computer science deals with algorithm development leading to programming. Most commonly, a computer science individual knows C++, python & Java language. These are the languages of computer science that allow programming for application software and not deal with embedded coding. However, a computer science fellow can increase his scope of education by doing masters in Algorithm Analysis & System Software. Since computer science and engineering are overlapping so a computer engineer also knows almost all these languages along with programming but the specialty area of a computer engineer may be different. Computer Engineers specialize in hardware and system software programming. They know embedded C & assembly language in detail. These are the languages used to program hardware devices, processors, firmware, controller etc. The masters’ opportunities of computer science and engineering are also closer but a computer engineer enjoys more vast scope and options. Computer engineer can master in Hardware Design, OS design, electrical systems, network design etc. In short, computer science and engineering is almost the same but the specialty area of the two differs and mainly depends upon individual’s interest.
Degrees & Jobs of Computer science and engineering:
Almost all the universities of the World have a single Computer science and engineering department. The teachers, lecturers & professors of computer science and engineering are also the same. However, the department awards two different degrees for the two programs that is Bachelor of Science in computer Science and Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Engineering. The job market of computer science and engineering is also often overlaps. A computer engineer who is good in C++, Java, and Python etc often chooses to work in application programming side. Similarly, a computer Science graduate skilled in hardware organization & computer architecture often found working in Hardware side.
In short, one cannot decide or compare the two disciplines of computer science and engineering unless his own interest is inclined towards a particular field of study.